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Bariatric Surgery – Minimal Surgical Ways of Treating Obesity One of the most common public health conditions is Obesity. Ever year, a large number of people worldwide opt for different kinds of weight loss treatments and surgeries. Amongst several surgeries performed, bariatric surgery is considered as one of the most successful surgeries with proven results. The surgery aims at reducing weight loss by restricting intake of food. The bariatric surgery is performed with minimal invasive technique i.e. laparoscopic. Gastric bypass, adjustable gastric band, sleeve gastrectomy and biliopancreatic diversion are the most common kinds of bariatric surgery. All these surgeries differ from one to another and have different sets of advantages and disadvantages. Let’s discuss them one by one: Gastric Bypass Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass is considered as one of the most successful surgeries. During this surgery, a small stomach pouch is created by cutting top part of the stomach from rest of the part. The new resulting stomach pouch is about walnut’s size and holds small amount of food. So, when a person consumes food, it goes into the small pouch and then directly into small intestines. This compels a person to eat limited food and reduces absorption of nutrients. One of the main advantages of the surgery is it is the most successful amongst different kinds of bariatric surgery and have less complication. The patients observe significant lose in weight by bringing hormonal changes, reducing appetite and enhancing satiety. The limitations with the process are it is a non-reversible and person needs to follow strict dietary control measures to maintain ideal weight. Sleeve Gastrectomy During laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, a small portion of the stomach is cut into tube like shaped which accounts for 20{620155b54d8e37e04eacecc905dbac10153a01a30b4cb4962503bc04b11b3fb8} of stomach. This new banana like pouch holds small volume of food that significantly affects amount of food and nutrients consumed. Restricting amount of food stomach can consume and short hospital stay are two main advantages of the sleeve gastrectomy procedure. The two main disadvantages are it is a non-reversible procedure and may lead to vitamin deficiencies in the long run. Adjustable Gastric Band Also known as Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB), in this surgery inflatable band is placed around upper portion of the stomach. When the band gets inflated, it presses the stomach and acts in the manner like a belt that gets tighten. This band separates the stomach into two parts and communicates with the rest of the stomach. The band is adjustable in nature but  usually pouch holds small amount of food. The main advantage of the surgery it is adjustable and reversible in nature. As compared to other procedures, it is quite simple therefore most of the people in Dubai as well as United States opt for this weight loss surgery. However, patients need to strictly follow post-operative diet as recommended by surgeons and go for follow-up visits on regular basis. Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch This is a complex weight loss surgery which is categorized as a gastric bypass surgery. The surgery is performed in two processes. Primarily, small tubular pouch is created and secondly, major portion of the small intestine is bypassed. The valve which releases food to the pyloric valve i.e. small intestine is normally connected to the duodenum. During the surgery, the end portion of the intestine is connected to the duodenum near stomach (biliopancreatic diversion). The surgery helps in reducing food intake and absorption of nutrients. The main advantage of the surgery is it is quite effective but it does lead to vitamin deficiencies and malnutrition. The surgery is recommended for those who have BMI greater than 50. Seek Expert Consultation with Dubai Surgeon, Dr. Ali Reza It may possible that one surgery which is suitable for one person may be considered as risky for other. Thus, it is prudent to seek consultation from reputed and certified surgeon who holds specialization in obesity surgery. Dr. Ali Reza is one such surgeon in Dubai who holds extensive experience in performing bariatric surgery and considers several factors before deciding which surgery is best for a person. For taking his appointment, visit www.dralireza.com

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